Luo junjie, deputy director of the equipment industry division of the ministry of industry and information technology, said recently, “the development of China’s robotics industry is undergoing a crucial stage from quantitative expansion to high-quality development. In the future, robots, especially service robots, may present a trend that new materials will be widely applied in the field of robots, cloud service technology will accelerate the overall improvement of robot application level, and artificial intelligence will promote the constant enrichment of robot application scenarios.
Investment tends to be rational
The global robot market has reached $23.2 billion in 2017, compared with about $6.28 billion in the same period in China, according to public data. From 2012 to 2017, the average growth rate of the global market was about 17%, while the average growth rate of the Chinese market in the same period reached 28%.
China’s industrial robots have been the world’s largest application market for five consecutive years, accounting for about one-third of the global market share.
In 2017, domestic industrial robot enterprises also delivered a brilliant report, for example, the revenue of eston increased by 59% year on year and the net profit increased by 39% year on year. Revenue rose 76.5 per cent and net profit up 78 per cent. Digital control revenue in central China increased 21 percent, net profit growth reached 146.8 percent and so on.
“Our company manufactures robotic arm industrial robots,” said fu sheng, chairman of cheetah mobile during the fifth China robotics summit. The robot industry is expected to see explosive growth in the future.
With the rapid injection of policy support and capital, robot enterprises have taken root and sprouted in all parts of the country. By the end of last year, there were more than 6,500 robot-related enterprises in China and more than 60 robot industrial parks in China.
It is worth noting that after a period of blind and disorderly development in the robot and artificial intelligence market, capital and entrepreneurs are gradually returning to rationality and the market tends to stable development. Since 2017, the growth rate of the number of robot enterprise registrations has decreased by 15 percentage points compared with 2016, according to the study.
“” without core technology it will soon be submerged in the tide” “. Yao lijun, chairman of jiangfeng electronics, warned at the BBS summit that “there is no doubt about the increase in production of robots in the air. But this meal is not good, one is the lack of core technology, the whole core components are likely to rely on foreign imports; The second is to scramble to form vicious competition, resulting in lower and lower gross margin.
The localization of core components accelerates
Indeed, the bottleneck problem of core parts of robots has always been a major obstacle for the domestic robot industry, and the technical barrier of the industry also makes the main market share of robots still occupied by the international “four big families” (abb, fanuc, anchuan, kuka).
According to the latest research report of guangfa securities, from the perspective of cost, the core and difficulties of robot technology are concentrated in the upstream parts market, with reducer, controller and servo motor accounting for nearly 70% of the total cost, and the import cost of one reducer is about 3-4 times of the foreign price, which is the main bottleneck restricting the development of domestic robots.
However, a number of robotics industry experts and practitioners told reporters that the current dependence on foreign imports of robot core parts has greatly improved.
Su mingdong, director of the jinggong technology office, told reporters that many of the core robotics technologies and parts used to be imported, but now most of the company’s core components are self-supporting.
Zhu shiqiang, director of the research institute of robotics at zhejiang university and director of zhijiang laboratory, believes that the vast majority of robot parts in China have become more and more mature, which is a basic trend. With the development of core technologies and core components in China, to some extent, some monopolistic component suppliers are forced to lower the price and threshold.
The reporter noted that recently, the replacement process of imported robot parts is accelerating. According to public information, in the field of RV reducer, zhondyard signed the purchase and sales contract of no less than 30,000 RV reducer with Mr. Borant, and the contract of 10,000 reducer with double ring transmission was signed with Mr. Evert.
Integrate AI and transform to medium and high-end
In addition, China’s robot “high-end industry low-end” issues have been repeatedly mentioned. In zhu’s opinion, although the future robot demand can be imagined to be very large space, but the problem is that there is no robot product that meets the market requirements now. Take the escort robot as an example, many robot products are still too low-end, so there is still a long way to go in the development of robot technology.
At the just-concluded fifth session of the National People’s Congress of China, reporters saw industrial robots, mainly robot arms, robot hands and agvs. However, the reporter also noted that before, most robot manufacturers in China could only produce low-end robots with 3 to 5 axis, but now many enterprises can produce high-end products with 6 axis.
However, luo jun, executive chairman of the international federation of robotics and intelligent equipment industry, once told reporters, “the robot arms and logistics robots in the factory can only be regarded as automatic machines, or at most 1.0. The real robot should be the machine plus artificial intelligence, and integrated with information technology and Internet technology, capable of self-perception, learning and decision-making, which I call robot 2.0.
Companies have also felt the need for innovative technology from changes in customer requirements. Su told reporters that customers’ requirements for the company’s products in recent years also revolve around technological upgrading, including access to AI and the Internet of things. The robot industry is still at the basic stage of development and is gradually becoming mature. The market is not yet saturated. What is needed now is technological precipitation.
Dr. Wen zhiqing, vice President of ningbo intelligent manufacturing industry research institute, believes that as an enterprise, in addition to further improving technology, it should lower the price of robots and further improve the cost performance of products.
With the rapid development of big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies, the outline of robot 2.0 era has gradually become clear. However, how to overcome the technical problems and enter the medium-high end areas of robotics has become the key to the development of the current industry.铜焊丝,Copper Welding Rods,铝焊丝,aluminium welding wire,镍焊条,Nickel electrode,药皮焊条,Flux Coated Brazing Welding Rods